The new coronavirus has hit over 73,400 people across several countries and has claimed the lives of 1,875 people, including Wuhan hospital director Dr Liu Zhiming as of Tuesday, according to official reports. Amid the alarming virus outbreak and in the absence of vaccine to treat, one needs to know the basic preventive measures to protect oneself and others from the virus attack. And one needs toseek medical care if you suffer from fever, cough and difficulty in breathing.
Protect yourself and others from the virus attack with these eight simple and basic preventive measures provided by WHO.
1. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand rub if your hands are not visibly dirty. Doing so can eliminate the virus if it is on your hands.
2. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, with flexed elbow or tissue. Discard tissue immediately into a closed dustbin and clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water. Covering your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing prevent the spread of germs and viruses. If you sneeze or cough into your hands, you may contaminate objects or people that you touch.
3. Avoid close contact or hugging. Maintain at least one metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and other people, particularly those who are coughing, sneezing and have a fever. When someone who is infected with a respiratory disease, like 2019-nCoV, coughs or sneezes they project small droplets containing the virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the virus.
4. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. Hands touch many surfaces which can be contaminated with the virus. If you touch your eyes, nose or mouth with your contaminated hands, you can transfer the virus from the surface to yourself.
5. If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early. Tell your healthcare provider if you have traveled in an area in China where 2019-nCoV has been reported, or if you have been in close contact with someone with who has traveled from China and has respiratory symptoms. Whenever you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing it’s important to seek medical attention promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Respiratory symptoms with fever can have a range of causes, and depending on your personal travel history and circumstances, 2019-nCoV could be one of them.
6. Stay home and avoid public places if you have mild respiratory symptoms but no travel history to or within China, carefully practice basic respiratory and hand hygiene and stay home until you are recovered, if possible.
7. Practice general hygiene measures. As a general precaution, practice general hygiene measures when visiting live animal markets, wet markets or animal product markets. Ensure regular hand washing with soap and potable water after touching animals and animal products; avoid touching eyes, nose or mouth with hands; and avoid contact with sick animals or spoiled animal products. Strictly avoid any contact with other animals in the market (e.g., stray cats and dogs, rodents, birds, bats). Avoid contact with potentially contaminated animal waste or fluids on the soil or structures of shops and market facilities.
8. Avoid consumption of raw or undercooked animal products. Handle raw meat, milk or animal organs with care, to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices.